Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease. The state of your teeth affects your overall health. Gum disease is linked to lots of health problems in other parts of the body. Brushing your teeth can prevent gum disease and improve your overall health too.
Veneers are new facings for teeth which disguise a discoloured (rather than a damaged) tooth. To fit a veneer, the front of the tooth is drilled away a little. An impression is taken, and a thin layer of porcelain is fitted over the front of the tooth (similar to how a false fingernail is applied).
Root canal treatment (also called endodontics) tackles infection at the centre of a tooth (the root canal system). This is usually carried out when the blood or nerve supply of the tooth has become infected as a result from either trauma or decay. If root canal treatment is not carried out, the infection will spread and the tooth may need to be taken out. The root is cleaned and shaped to receive a filling material and sealed with a filling. Root canal treatment usually requires two or three visits to your dentist.
A crown is a type of cap that completely covers a real tooth. It's made from either metal, or porcelain and metal, and is fixed in your mouth. Crowns can be fitted where a tooth has broken, decayed or been damaged, or just to make a tooth look better.
A bridge is a fixed replacement for a missing tooth or teeth. It's made by taking an impression of the surrounding teeth, which will eventually support the bridge. A bridge is usually created from precious metal and porcelain and will be fixed in your mouth (unlike dentures, which can be removed).
Dentures are removable false teeth made of acrylic (plastic) or metal (cobalt chrome)They fit snugly over the gums to replace missing teeth and eliminate potential problems caused by gaps. Gaps left by missing teeth can cause problems with eating and speech, and teeth either side of the gap can grow into the space at an angle. Sometimes, all the teeth need to be removed and replaced.You may therefore need either: complete dentures (a full set), which replace all your upper or lower teeth.